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Orchid Care & Culture Information


Cattleya Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 1500-2000 foot-candles bright filtered light with no direct sun. Leaves should be light green in color, stiff and leathery in texture. Cattleya orchids prefer a warm environment with day temperatures 85-90 degrees F and 55-60 degrees F at night.

Watering and Fertilizing: Allow plants to dry out between waterings then water thoroughly. Feed Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/2 tsp/gal with each watering. To promote flowering, feed Dyna-Gro liquid BLOOM 3-12-6 at the rate of 1/2 tsp/gal with each watering beginning for to 1 - 2 months before flower sheath initiation. Use Pro-TeKt at 1/4 to 1/2 tsp/gal of water year round to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Cattleya orchids should be repotted when the plant outgrows the pot, about every 2-3 years.

More Cattleya orchid care. information.

Cymbidium Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 2000-4000 foot-candles. Cymbidium orchids may be grown outdoors in areas where heavy frost does not occur. They need filtered sunlight or full sun for a half day and good air movement. Ample light is important for flowering. Foliage will be slightly yellow-green, not dark green. Night temperatures between 45-50 degrees F are necessary during fall and winter to initiate bloom. Day temperatures should be 20-30 degrees F higher.

Watering and Fertilizing: Water when plants are almost dry. Do not let your cymbidium orchid dry out or stand in water, especially in winter. Feed with Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1 tsp/gal water with each watering during the growing season (Feb-Sept). During the winter months when flower spikes are initiated, feed Dyna-Gro liquid BLOOM at the rate of 1 tsp/gal water with each watering. Use Pro-TeKt at the 1/4-1/2 tsp/gal of water year round to strengthen plants.

Repotting: A good mix should hold water, but drain freely. Plants should be repotted every 2-3 years when they become pot bound or need to be divided. Repot after flowering but before July. Move plants into larger pots after removing the old dead roots and potting medium or divide them into clumps with three or more green bulbs. Select a container that allows two years of growing room (1-2" of free space around bulbs). Spread the white healthy roots into the container and fill with orchid medium, tamping it down firmly enough to hold the plant erect. Sterilize tools between plants to reduce the spread of virus diseases.

More Cymbidium orchid care information.

Dendrobium Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 1500-3000 foot candles bright light with no direct sun. They prefer warmer day temperatures between 75-85 degrees F and night temperatures around 60 degrees F.

Watering and Fertilizing: Dendrobium orchids should be allowed to almost dry out between waterings. Feed Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/2 tsp/gal of water with each watering. To promote flowering, feed Dyna-Gro BLOOM 3-12-6 at the same rate and frequency beginning four to five weeks before spike initiation. Use Pro-TeKt at 1/4-1/2 tsp/gal of water year round to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Should be done every 2-3 years if in bark mix, or when they outgrow the pot. Dendrobium orchids like to be somewhat crowded in their pot.

More Dendrobium orchid care information.

Masdevallia Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 1500 foot candles bright filtered light with no direct sun. The leaves should be medium green in color. Maintain a cooler environment with good air circulation and day temperatures of 70-75 degrees F and nights around 50 degrees F.

Watering and Fertilizing: Masdevillia orchids should be kept moist at all times. Feed Dyna-Gro GROW at the rate of 1/4 tsp/gal of water with each watering. To promote flowering, feed Dyna-Gro BLOOM 3-12-6 at the same rate and frequency beginning 4-5 weeks before spike initiation.

Repotting: Repot when the medium has broken down.

Oncidium Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 1500 foot candles bright filtered light with no direct sun. Leaves should be light green in color. Oncidium orchids will tolerate a wide range of temperatures. Maintain day temperatures between 75-85 degrees F and night temperatures not lower than 55 degrees F.

Watering and Fertilizing: Oncidium orchids should be allowed to dry out between waterings. When they are actively growing or in bloom, give more water. When there is no growth taking place, allow them to dry out between waterings. Feed with Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/2 tsp/gal of water with each watering. To promote flowering, feed with Dyna-Gro BLOOM 3-12-6 at the rate of 1/2 tsp/gal of water with each watering beginning 4-5 weeks before flower spike initiation. Use Pro-TeKt at 1/4-1/2 tsp/gal of water to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Repot when new growth is 2-3" tall, or when the bark has broken down. Use medium grade fir mix.

Ondontoglossum Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: Bright filtered light with no direct sun. Leaves should be a medium green in color with a slight pinkish tinge which indicates maximum light levels around 1000 foot candles. Maintain a cool environment with good air circulation, 70-75 degrees F day temps and 50-55 degrees F night.

Water and Fertilizing: Plants should not be allowed to dry completely. Water when almost dry. Pseudo bulbs will shrivel if the plant is too dry. Feed Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/2 tsp water/gal with each watering. To promote flowering, feed Dyna-Gro BLOOM 3-12-6 at the same rate and frequency beginning four to five weeks before spike initiation. Use Pro-TeKt at 1/4-1/2 tsp/gallon water year round to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Plants should be repotted every two-three years or when the potting medium has broken down. After removing al the dead or rotted roots, choose a pot where the roots fit somewhat snugly. Do not over pot. Use a fine grade fir bark or fine rock medium.

Paphiopedilum Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 600-2000 foot candles bright filtered light with no direct sun. Mottled leaf or warm growing Paphs prefer a day temp with a maximum of 75-80 degrees F and night temps of 50-60 degrees F. Paphiopedilum Orchids vary widely by parentage so check with the grower for cultural requirements on specific varieties.

Water and Fertilizing: Paphiopedilum Orchids should be kept moist and not allowed to dry out. Feed Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/4 tsp/gallon of water with each watering. Feed Dyna-Gro BLOOM 3-12-6 at the same rate and frequency four to five weeks before spike initiation. Supplement with ProTeKt at 1/4-1/2 tsp/gallon of water with each watering to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Paphiopedilum Orchids should be repotted at least every two years using a fine grade fir bark or fine rock medium. They prefer to be somewhat crowded in the pot.

Phalaenopsis Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 1000 foot candles bright filtered light with no direct sun. Leaves should be glossy medium green and should increase in size with each new leaf. Old bottom leaves turning brown and falling off is normal. Maintain a warm environment with good air movement, temperatures between 75-95 degrees F days. A 15-20 degree day to night differential is required for flowering. Bloom spike initiation can be encouraged by night temperatures in the low 50 degrees and using a bloom formula such as Dyna-Gro BLOOM.

Water and Fertilizing: Plants should not be allowed to dry completely. Water when almost dry, usually once a week. Feed with Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/2 tsp/gallon of water with each watering. Use Dyna-Gro BLOOM at the same rate and frequency four to five weeks before spike initiation. Supplement with Pro-TeKt to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Plants should be repotted when the mix has broken down. The best time to repot is spring and summer. Use a medium bark for mature plants.

More Phalaenopsis orchid care information.

Vanda Orchid Care

Light and Temperature: 2000-4000 foot candles bright light with no direct sun. Leaves should be light green in color. Warm day temperatures between 75-85 degrees F and night temperatures not below 60 degrees F.

Water and Fertilizing: Vanda Orchids like plenty of water and should not dry out between waterings. Feed Dyna-Gro GROW 7-9-5 at the rate of 1/4-1/2 tsp/gallon of water with each watering. Use Dyna-Gro BLOOM 3-12-6 at the same rate and frequency four to five weeks before spike initiation. Vanda Orchids enjoy regular misting with the same nutrient solution to help keep them moist and fed. Supplement with Pro-TeKt to strengthen plants.

Repotting: Should be done with the mix has broken down, or about every 2-3 years in bark. Use a well-drained coarse grade of fir bark, or coarse rock medium. Spring and summer are the best times for repotting.

Reprinted with permission by Dyna-Gro.